Usually when we have to install a Windows Operating System (OS) on a computer we have to boot it from a bootable CD or a bootable USB flash that includes Windows installation. We can do it by going to BIOS and changing Boot devices order and choosing the first booting device as our CD-ROM drive or USB Flash. Well, many users are frustrating because they are not able to boot their installation media that includes Windows 8 or Windows 10 for a reason. The reason actually the difference between UEFI firmware and BIOS. I will explain you How to install Windows 8.1 and 10 on a non-UEFI Computer and on a BIOS computer.
Now new PCs are upgraded from the traditional old BIOS, the new firmware is called UEFI which actually is not new, it was used by Macs for years. Now with the UEFI many options are consolidated into one and are simplified.
1. Install Windows 8.1 and 10 on a non-UEFI Computer
To install Windows 8, Windows 8.1 or Windows 10 on a non UEFI computer that has BIOS firmware you will need the Windows.iso file.
Maybe a friend can give it to you and you can use your serial number, or you can download it from a BitTorrent website. But pay attention as BitTorrent source can have malware and viruses.
2. Creating Bootable Media
Now, when you got the Windows iso file, you will have to create a bootable media. I would recommend to use a 8Gb USB flash drive instead of a DVD-R disk. The process with a USB flash drive will be much faster.
First thing you have to download the Rufus software tool which allow you easy to create Windows bootable media.
After downloading Rufus you will have to open it and browse the windows.iso file that you want to install. See the screenshot and follow the steps:
Now that you have added the iso to Rufus, you have to choose what type of bootable media you need based on your computer BIOS or UEFI firmware.
From Rufus second line which says: Partition scheme and target system type
- Choose MBR partition scheme for BIOS or UEFI-CSM if your computer has BIOS firmware or if it has UEFI-CSM which can emulate a BIOS environment.
- Choose MBR partition scheme for UEFI if your computer has UEFI firmware instead of BIOS and if your computer disk uses old MBR scheme.
- Choose GPT partition scheme for UEFI if your computer has UEFI firmware.
See the screenshot:
After you choose the right option that fits for your computer press start.
3. Booting from Bootable Media and Installing
After the process is finished, you will have to boot your bootable media by restarting you computer and going to BIOS or UEFI and setting Booting order of the USB flash drive or CD-Drive on the 1st place. Or by pressing ESC key multiple times after you pressed Power On button on your computer.
Also if you know which key will give you the menu to choose from which device to boot. For example on my Samsung laptop is the F10 key.
This is how you have to create the right Windows 8, Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 bootable media to install it on your computer. I would recommend to have a working computer near by, if something doesn’t work, to create another bootable media if you choose the wrong type.
Please Share with your friends, let them know how to Install Windows 8.1 and 10 on a non-UEFI Computer.