If you are using computers, flash drives I think you noticed that Windows will give you the choice of NTFS, FAT32, and exFAT. But there is no explanation why to use one format or another format.
Here we will try to explain you everything you need to know so you will not have any questions about system formats.
NTFS is a modern file system which is used by Windows. When you will install a Windows system you will have to use the NTFS file system which has file size and partition size limits that are the best for Windows. NTFS appeared with Windows XP.
NTFS has modern features like protection from crashes and possibility to recover drom errors, as well as shadow copies for backups, encryption, disk quota limits, hard links, and other various features.
Unfortunately you won’t be able to use NTFS with other version of Windows that are released earlier than Windows XP. Also Mac OS X will be able only to read the NTFS drives and not to write on them.
Compatibility: Works with all versions of Windows, but read-only with Mac by default.
Limits: No realistic file-size or partition size limits.
This is one of the oldest file formats and it has became a standard for newly flash drives you buy. This is because FAT32 is compatible with almost everything starting with USB flash drives to gaming consoles like X-Box and PlayStation.
However because its and old system format you won’t be able to have files bigger that 4 GB, also a Fat32 partition has be less that 8 TB.
For the security its not the best system format, also you will not be able to install new Windows versions on this file system format, you will have to format your Hard Disk into NTFS.
Compatibility: Works with all versions of Windows, Mac, Linux, game consoles, and any other USB devicces.
Limits: 4 GB maximum file size, 8 TB maximum partition size.
exFAT is also compatible with Mac OS X that has full-write and red support for exFat. Also exFAT drives can be accessed on Linux if you get a piece of software that would help.
Also exFat is supported by Xbox One and PlayStation 4, and not by Xbox 360 or PlayStation 3.
Compatibility: Works with all versions of Windows and modern versions of Mac OS X, but requires additional software on Linux.
Limits: No realistic file-size or partition-size limits.
NTFS is ideal for internal drives, exFAT is ideal for flash drives. Maybe sometimes you will need to format an external drive with FAT32 if exFAT isn’t supported on a device you need to use it with. Do you know any more formats that you work with?